It is, rather, characteristic of them that they did not clearly distinguish between kinds of matter, forces, and qualities, nor between physical and emotional qualities. To realize these ambiguities is important to an understanding of certain later developments in Greek philosophy.
Xenophanes of Colophon c. He criticized the popular notions of the gods, saying that people made the gods in their own image.
But, more importantly, he argued that there could be only one God, the ruler of the universe, who must be eternal. For, being the strongest of all beings, he could not have come out of something less strong, nor could he be overcome or superseded by something else, because nothing could arise that is stronger than the strongest.
The argument clearly rested on the axioms that nothing can come out of nothing and that nothing that exists can vanish. These axioms were made more explicit and carried to their logical and extreme conclusions by Parmenides of Elea born c. There can be no motion either, for it would have to be a motion into something that is—which is not possible since it would be blocked—or a motion into something that is not—which is equally impossible since what is not does not exist.
Hence, everything is solid, immobile being.
The familiar world, in which things move around, come into being, and pass away, is a world of mere belief doxa. In a second part of the poem, however, Parmenides tried to give an analytical account of this world of belief, showing that it rested on constant distinctions between what is believed to be positive—i.
It is significant that Heracleitus of Ephesus c. Western philosophy. Article Media. Info Print Print. Table Of Contents. Not that the Greeks and Romans were the corner stone of all great quotes, but they never cease to amaze me how authentically simple yet wise they were. It's refreshing to reflect on that wisdom.
Curiously, I'd like to know how they would respond to the comments made by today's career-politicians and those Hollywood celebrities we hold in high esteem. Toni Bernhard, J. Learn the value of describing pain and unpleasantness in a neutral fashion. You can overcome embarrassment by understanding its causes.
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Consider Sleep and Screen Time. Inflammation and the 3 Paths of Depression in Older Adults. Toni Bernhard J. Follow me on Twitter. Friend me on Faceook.
Connect with me on LinkedIn. Excellence then is not an act, but a habit. Submitted by Anonymous on June 26, - pm.
Our deeper essence knows the truth. It's just a matter of becoming ourselves. Submitted by Mary on June 27, - am. I'm so glad you liked the piece and I love that quote too. With all good wishes, Toni.
What great words and thoughts Submitted by Judy Larson on June 27, - pm. What great words and thoughts to live by. Thank you Toni for taking the time to locate all of these excellent words of wisdom.
To introduce current techniques of philosophical analysis. By combining a humble spirit he never claimed to be any wiser than anyone else and a strict agnosticism he said he knew nothing with a method that challenged conventional assumptions and an intolerance for unclear thinking, Socrates gradually earned enemies from various sectors of Athenian society. They only believed in the material world, a belief which attracted the opposition of the Stoics. Added to PP index Total views 30 , of 2,, Recent downloads 6 months 1 1,, of 2,, How can I increase my downloads? Our Videos.
Greek Wisdom? Just pseudoscience Submitted by itsnobody on November 10, - pm.
Here's some wisdom from the Greeks: "Women are defective by nature" - Aristotle I think the majority of Western men and women agree that it's true that women are defective by nature! Brexit Submitted by Joop Seebus on June 24, - am. Timothy Thomas Fortune had a great quote for that; "Mob law is the most forcible expression of an abnormal public opinion; it shows that society is rotten to the core".
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Replies to my comment. The IEP is actively seeking an author who will write a replacement article. Author Information The author of this article is anonymous. An encyclopedia of philosophy articles written by professional philosophers.